The Global Crisis and its Impact on the Poor – the Perspective of Women for a Fair Solution

Paris, France, 12 and 13 November 2010

Resolution

The global situation has been changing over the past years due to several economic and political developments. The current crisis, that started as a financial one and quickly escalated into an economic and social one, has not only put pressure on regulating our financial markets, but also on defining a new socio-economic development model that puts employment and growth at its heart. While budgetary cuts are on the agenda as a way out of the crisis, austerity measures of right wing governments are presented as the only solution to recovery – even when they lead to bigger social exclusion and growing inequalities, such as poverty and unemployment, which are to be expensive in the long term.

In countries with a strong capitalist model, the crisis first hit the financial sector, and most sectors in which men were predominantly employed and thus first hit by the crisis. But the second wave of the crisis affected outsourcing services based on temporary and/or shorter contracts, which are always more vulnerable and unstable in times of crisis. This second wave of unemployment and long-term consequences of the crisis affects mostly women, as 80% of these threatened jobs are occupied by them and the public service is still female dominated. As a consequence, many women are left now with little or no social and economic security.

The crisis threatens not only unemployed women, but also all those who manage to keep their jobs and who are working in poor conditions (precarious employment). The majority of these workers are also women. Women in the formal and in the informal sectors are also disproportionally affected by the impact of the crisis. For most of those who can keep their jobs, the working conditions will get worse.

Poverty still carries a female face everywhere in the world, even in developed countries, where the gender pay gap and the gender pension gap encourages the trend of perpetuating poverty among women.

The consequence of the cuts in public social expenditures is a reduction in social services, also for the basic services. This increases the unpaid care-work of women both in developed and developing countries.

The crisis aggravates further women's situation, especially the situation of women threatened by multiple discriminations (particularly migrant women, single mothers, low-educated women, illiterate women, indigenous women, women living in rural areas and lesbians and transsexual women). Their deprivation of fair and equal access to employment, support and education, may accelerate further as popular aspiration for well-known traditional models, stereotypes and for “order” intensifies. A conservative backlash in women's rights is an imminent danger.

Migrant women are more likely to lose their jobs and risk expulsions from countries where they work; the consequences are multiple including the reduction of remittances towards the countries of origin. Further negative consequences on families and on national GDPs in countries of origin are also likely. Not only does this put pressure on the economic development of the countries of origin but also on the social fabric of society and on family responsibilities. The likely result is an increase of violence against women and girls.

Never before have the livelihoods of so many people in the world’s poorest countries been so directly affected by circumstances caused by the richest countries. In addition to the economic crisis, the world's poorest countries are the most threatened by other crises as well: food crisis, exploitation of natural resources, environmental problems such as water, air and soil pollution, shortage in energy supplies and climate change.

The response to the global crisis at the moment is mainly financial and does not propose sufficient change in the model of development and economic governance, responses simply address the symptoms and not the deep causes of the crisis; analysis of the failure of the present model of development is insufficient, while the establishment of a new, fair development model requires the proper analysis of the one that led to this crisis;

the gender-impact assessment of the crisis or of the austerity measures are not carried out, and thus the social consequences of the crisis on women are inadequately addressed both in rich and poor countries;

solidarity towards developing countries decreases, worsening the situation of women and making the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals impossible;

the protection and the promotion of women's rights is not considered among the crisis management tools, quite on the contrary: stereotypes are reinforced.

The Socialist International Women therefore urges governments, in particular those lead by Socialist and Progressive forces, and all Member Parties of the Socialist International to:

propose an alternative model of development, in order to create a more inclusive, more accountable and a more democratic international system;

push for a sound economic governance that is for the benefit of all people and that goes beyond the sole financial mechanisms;

introduce a financial transaction tax in order to redistribute wealth, and use it for the reduction of inequalities between the rich and the poor, the developed and the developing; and use it for the reduction of social inequalities, including gender inequalities on the national level;

recognise a human rights-based approach in all policies, because the crisis must not be an excuse for ignoring human rights;

fight against the violation of human rights and progressive achievements, in particular women's rights in the name of traditionalism;

introduce gender mainstreaming in all policies as a horizontal method, including in budgeting;

recognise gender equality as a driving force for social and economic development: women are not passive subjects, but also actors in defining and implementing macroeconomic policies and in creating wealth;

implement gender equality in the framework of the Millennium Development Goals;

not reduce aid given to developing and poor countries, and acknowledge that a current reduction will cost a lot more later;

encourage women's access to land, water, income, energy and capital, and to financial resources as a whole;

ensure women's access to paid work and salaries that ensure women's economic independence now and in the future;

address the precarious situation of the working poor and

pay special attention to the most vulnerable women threatened by multiple discriminations.

 

_____________

 

News

Nobel Peace Prize 2018

05 October 2018

The Socialist International Women (SIW) would like to warmly congratulate the Congolese doctor Denis Mukwege and Yazidi campaigner Nadia Murad on winning the 2018 Nobel peace prize for their work on combating sexual violence...

Obituary - Maria Jonas

01 February 1940 - 25 September 2018

We were deeply saddened to hear today that our comrade and friend Maria Jonas, former Secretary General of Socialist International Women, has died at the age of 78 years...

Coucil Meeting

Geneva, Switzerland, 28 and 29 June 2018

For a World 50-50 in 2030 – The Great Challenges

Socialist International Women denounces brutal attacks on Palestinian demonstrators

17 May 2018

The Socialist International Women strongly denounces the use of lethal fire by Israeli military forces against Palestinian demonstrators in Gaza on Sunday 14 May 2018...

Connecting Rural Women – E-Development and Rural Women's Empowerment

16 March 2018

62nd Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), United Nations, New York, from 12 to 23 March 2018

Side Event hosted by the Permanent Mission of Mongolia to the UN; the Mongolian People’s Party; Socialist International Women(SIW) and PES Women

Empowering Rural Women: Granting Universal Rights to Sexual and Reproductive Health Services

15 March 2018

62nd Session of the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), United Nations, New York, from 12 to 23 March 2018

Parallel Event hosted by the Socialist International Women (SIW), PES Women and Foundation for European Progressive Studies (FEPS)

International Women's Day Declaration

08 March 2018

In solidarity and recognition of the immense societal, economic and political achievements of women and girls worldwide Socialist International Women is proud to support International Women’s Day (IWD) 2018...

Statement on Unilateral Decision by the United States of America to Recognise Jerusalem as the Capital of Israel

07 December 2017

The Socialist International Women (SIW) disapproves the decision of President Trump to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and relocate the US embassy there from Tel Aviv...

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

25 November 2017

Socialist International Women affirms its support for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women as an opportunity to focus on the continuing suffering and oppression of women and girls worldwide, and the vital roles that governments and individuals have in creating positive change...

Council Meeting

Barcelona, Spain, 21 and 22 November 2017

Democracy in Crisis, Populism on the Rise - Where do Women's Rights fit in?

Council Meeting

United Nations, New York, 14 July 2017

Rural Areas, Media and ICT - New Challenges and More Opportunities for Women’s Empowerment

In Memory of Carmen Chacón

13 March 1971 - 09 April 2017

The Socialist International Women was deeply saddened to receive the news of the death of Carmen Chacón on 09 April 2017 at the age of 46 years...

Council Meeting and XXI Congress

25 - 27 February 2017

Gender Inequality in the World Today – Understanding the New Challenges and Ending Gender Inequality by 2030

Publications

The First Hundred Years

A Short History of Socialist International Women

By Irmtraut Karlsson

This book tells the history of the first one hundred years of the Socialist International Women

END